Fact Sheets

Fact Sheets

Fact Sheet 09: Stammering

What is stammering? Repeating words or phrases, hesitating and using fillers (e.g. er / um ) whilst trying to work out what to say can be a feature of a child’s as they learn to use more complex language. A child who is experiencing difficulties with fluency may: repeat parts of words or whole words […]

Fact Sheet 01: Speech, Language & Communication

Speech, language and communication are important for all children and young people because: Through speaking and listening they make sense of the world. How can a child play a game if they do not understand the rules? Language is how teachers convey information in the classroom. How will a young person succeed in school if […]

Fact Sheet 02: Support for SLCN

Speech, language and communication are all skills which children and young people use throughout the day as they talk and interact at home, at school and in the community. There are different types of speech, language and communication needs (SLCN) including such conditions as: Speech sounds (sometimes called phonology and articulation). This might be anything […]

Fact Sheet 03: Speech

The term ‘speech’ refers to the sounds we make to communicate. When speech sounds are emerging many children will go through a phase when their speech is not easy to understand. All speech sounds have different ages when they are learnt. This varies from child to child. Below is a guide for the development of […]

Fact Sheet 04: Understanding Spoken Language

Difficulties understanding spoken language may be ‘hidden’. Children may be good at picking up on routines or pointing and facial expression, so even parents may not notice. Understanding spoken language is a sophisticated skill that relies firstly on well-developed skills such as: vocabulary (i.e., knowing the meaning of different words) grammar (including how words join […]

Fact Sheet 05: Autism

Autism affects how the brain develops. It affects how people communicate with other people, how they learn and how they understand the world. It is a lifelong disorder. Autism is diagnosed by observing a child’s behaviour over time and in different settings. There are several different professionals involved in deciding whether a child has Autism, […]

Fact Sheet 06: Bilingualism

Over half of the world’s population is bilingual, i.e. speak more than one language. Being bilingual is NOT a problem nor does it cause speech and language difficulties. In fact research shows that there are many advantages of speaking more than one language. What you can do It is important that you speak with your […]

Fact Sheet 07: Not Talking

We know that children develop skills at different paces, and that every child is unique. However, if you are worried that your child is not talking yet, here are a few things to think about: Is your child the right age? Please have a look at the developmental milestones page (LINK) to check out what […]

Fact Sheet 08: Tongue Tie

A tongue tie is the consequence of having reduced or shortened frenulum linguae. This is a small fold of tissue which connects the bottom of the tongue to the floor of the mouth. Most people can go through life with a tongue tie without experiencing any difficulties but it may cause problems for others.   A […]

Fact Sheet 10: Dummies

Can using a dummy affect my child’s speech development? Any parent knows that a dummy can be useful to help comfort a crying baby or toddler. Dummies may even help encourage a strong sucking pattern in young babies. But if used for too long, or in the wrong way, they can lead to dental problems […]

Fact Sheet 11: Hearing

What does ‘hearing impairment’ mean? This means that the child or young person has difficulty hearing in either one or both ears. It can be a temporary hearing loss, for example, hearing difficulties caused by glue ear, or a permanent hearing loss, caused by difficulties in the inner ear or hearing nerve. How does a […]

Fact Sheet 12: Eating & Drinking Skills

Mealtime ideas to try with all children Try to be relaxed yourself at mealtimes. If you’re stressed it makes it more of a challenge for you and your child..  Turn off the TV and hang up the phone. Mealtimes should be happy and social times. Children should look forward to meals and not just for […]

Fact sheet 13: Specific Language Impairment

Nationally Specific Language Impairment (SLI) affects about 2 children in every reception class (7%) making it more common than autism or dyslexia  Children with SLI have great difficulty understanding and using spoken language. This is their main area of difficulty SLI cannot be explained by another condition such as hearing impairment, autism or other developmental […]